A Comprehensive Guide to VCCs in Singapore

The VCC framework was introduced by Singapore, a worldwide financial hub, to improve its fund management sector, and has since become a game-changer for fund managers and investors alike. With this, dissect the fundamentals of VCC in Singapore, offering insights into what is VCC and how this novel legal entity can be beneficial for many individuals.

Understanding VCC in Singapore

The Variable Capital Company, or VCC for short, is a unique investment structure intending to give fund managers flexibility and adaptation. The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) and the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) created the VCC framework as an alternative to conventional investment arrangements. A more flexible and adaptable investment vehicle, the VCC permits the issue and redemption of shares in contrast to fixed capital structures.

Key Features of VCC

Issuance and Redemption of Shares: The capacity of VCCs to issue and redeem shares without requiring shareholder approval is one of their distinguishing characteristics. This feature gives fund managers more freedom and enables them to react quickly to changes in the market.

Segregation of Assets: VCCs can establish sub-funds with distinct asset and liability pools. By separating one sub-fund asset from the liabilities of another, this segmentation improves risk management and protection.

Corporate Entity: VCCs are standalone corporate entities, distinct from their fund managers. This division gives investors extra security by guaranteeing that the manager’s financial standing has no bearing on the VCC.

Tax Benefits: The tax benefits that VCCs offer make them a desirable choice for fund managers. They are more competitive in the international market since they are not subject to the Singaporean goods and services tax (GST) on fund management services.

The Registration Process for VCC

Preparation of Documentation: Creating the required paperwork, such as the offering memorandum and the VCC constitution, is the first step in the process. These publications provide an overview of the goals, policies, and procedures that govern the VCC.

Application Submission: Fund managers apply to ACRA for the VCC’s registration after all the paperwork is in order. Regulatory agencies then examine the application to make sure it complies with the law.

Appointment of Key Personnel: Essential employees, such as directors, a fund manager, and a resident director, must be appointed by the VCC. These people are essential to the VCC’s management and governance.

Approval and Registration: The VCC is formally registered if the ACRA approves it after a successful review. The shortened procedure makes it possible for fund managers to create a VCC quickly.

Benefits of VCC in Singapore

Global Recognition: The global recognition for VCCs in Singapore is strengthening the city-state’s appeal as a location for fund management operations. The VCC structure complies with international norms, so it will be simpler for Singaporean funds to draw in foreign investors.

Operational Efficiency: The VCC structure promotes operational efficiency by allowing fund managers to consolidate multiple funds under a single entity. This streamlined administrative procedure lowers expenses and boosts productivity all around.

Flexible Capital Management: Fund managers have never-before-seen levels of capital management flexibility because of the issuing and redemption of shares. Their capacity to adjust enables them to maximise their investment plans in reaction to market changes and investors’ requests.

Tax Advantages: Singapore’s advantageous tax climate is a huge benefit for VCCs. With exemptions from GST on fund management services and other tax benefits, VCCs enjoy a competitive edge in the global fund management landscape.

Challenges and Considerations

Compliance Requirements: Although VCCs provide flexibility, fund managers should still ensure that all regulatory obligations are met. Being watchful is essential to avoiding legal issues and preserving the VCC’s reputation.

Costs of Establishment: Although VCCs provide many advantages, these organisations must be established and maintained, which comes at a cost. Before choosing the VCC structure, fund managers should carefully consider these costs compared to the benefits.

Market Perception: Due to its recent development, market players might not yet be aware of all of the details of the VCC framework. Fund managers have to deal with possible scepticism and inform interested parties about the features and advantages of VCCs before they can be integrated.


The Variable Capital Company is a significant advancement for the fund management sector. The VCC has gained great traction among fund managers seeking to improve operational flexibility and worldwide competitiveness due to its unique features, streamlined registration process, and alluring tax benefits. The VCC stands out as evidence of Singapore’s dedication to promoting innovation and excellence in the financial services industry as the city-state maintains its status as a major global financial centre. The VCC in Singapore is unquestionably an appealing choice for anyone looking for a flexible and active investment instrument.

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